Levada Center has also recently published a recurring survey on corruption in Russia.
According to the poll taken at the end of May, 37% of respondents said Putin should be held fully responsible for corruption in “upper echelons of power”. Another 43% said they believe the Russian president is at least partially to blame.
42% of those polled said they thought corruption in Russia is impossible to eradicate.
Another 16% said it is difficult for Putin to fight corruption since he “relies on corrupt officials”.
And asked if Putin hinders or indulges the bureaucracy, 64% answered that they thought he keeps them in check.
Or as Nina Khrushcheva calls it: